Said the opening of the novel Romance of the Three; The whole power of the world, unite for divorce and divorce to reunite
Story of the Three Kingdoms (Hanzi: 三國 演義, hanyu pinyin: Sanguo yǎnyì, English: Romance of the Three Kingdoms) is a romance backgrounds history of the Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms. In the Chinese community in Indonesia, the story is known by the name Samkok which is the Hokkien dialect of Sanguo or three countries.
Often people mistakenly differences or Story Story of the Three Kingdoms Three Kingdoms remember the English translation of this novel is the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, but in fact, the right is the Romance of the Three remember the climax of the novel, the three leaders of the warring; Cao Cao (country Wei), Liu Bei (Shu country) and Sun Quan (Wu country) has to notice the individual himself emperor and claim legitimacy as an empire inherited the Han Dynasty has collapsed.
The novel written by Luo Guanzhong (羅貫中), a Ming dynasty poet who took references from official history of the Three Kingdoms in China starting from the end of the Han Dynasty, the Chinese outbreak in three states and then reunited under the Jin Dynasty. Aside from the official history, Luo also take reference from folk tales handed down orally spoken in public in his lifetime.
The story of the Three Kingdoms is one of the classic works of literature the most popular in the history of China. Luo wrote this novel in 120 chapters which have continued with reference storyline Historical Records of the Three Kingdoms by Chen Shou and a bit of his own imagination. There are over 400 historical figures related in the Acts of the Three Kingdoms is illustrated with a different character. Cao Cao, Liu Bei and Sun Quan the same as the character of a leader but differ in nature and thinking. Similarly advisor Zhuge Liang, Xun You, Guo Jia and Zhou Yu each different outlook and character. Each character has its own character and different from each other. The portrayal of this character makes the difference in the character of this novel is recognized as one of the representatives of the culmination of the development of Chinese literature in history. Romance of the Three Countries written in classical (文言文).
The main figures by country
End of the Han Dynasty
Dong Zhuo, the prime minister of a tyrant, then killed by Lu Bu
Yuan Shao, the nobility of the north, then defeated Cao Cao
Liu Biao, the nobility of Jingzhou, the mortal enemy of the Sun family
Gongsun Zan, Han generals in the northeastern border, then defeated Yuan Shao
Lu Bu, full of ruthless generals perfidious nature, killing two adoptive father
Ma Teng, Liangzhou ruler, was killed because framed by Cao Cao
Xiandi Emperor, last emperor of the Han Dynasty, became emperor in childhood
Diaochan, told Wang Yun Dong Zhuo to make connections and Lu Bu cracked
Cao Cao, the king of the war, unite north China
Cao Pi, son of Cao Cao, the first emperor of Wei
Sima Yi, military advisers, grandfather first Emperor Sima Yan Jin
Guo Jia, a military advisor, died young because of illness
Xun Yu, military advisor, reliable in matters of governance
Xiahou Dun, a general war, lost one eye because of arrows
Xiahou Yuan, general of the war, known for his archery abilities
Zhang Liao, general war, a former lieutenant of Lu Bu
Zhang He, a general war, a former subordinate Yuan Xhao
Dian Wei, Cao Cao’s personal bodyguard, were killed in order to protect the escape of Cao Cao
Pang De, general war, a former lieutenant of Ma Teng
Cao Ren, general war, a cousin of Cao Cao
Cao Yi, Cao Cao’s granddaughter, son of Cao Pi, the last leader of the seed / clan Cao
Sun Jian, warlords, ruling Changsha, known as the “Tiger of Jiang Dong”
Sun Ce, the eldest son of Sun Jian, founder of the State of Wu, husband Da Qiao
Sun Quan, the sister of Sun Ce, the first emperor of the state of Wu
Sun Shan Xiang, the younger brother Sun Ce, a relationship of love with Liu Bei
Lu Meng, military advisers, then kill Guan Yu
Zhou Yu, military advisor, husband Xiao Qiao, died young because of illness
Zhuge Jin, military advisers, brother Zhuge Liang
Lu Xun, general war, win the battle Xiaoting / Yiling
Huang Gai, a general war, pretending to defect to Wei during the battle of red cliff
Gan Ning, general of the war, the former pirate who kill Ling Cao
Taishi Ci, general war, never fight against Sun Ce
Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao, wife of Sun Ce and Zhou Yu
Ling Tong, Cao Ling child, nursed a grudge against Gan Ning, but they were both united warring accompany Sun Quan
Ling Cao, general of the war, the father of Ling Tong, and had been killed by Gan Ning
Liu Bei, descendant of nobles still Han dynasty, wants to continue the Han Dynasty
Zhuge Liang, a military advisor, nicknamed ‘Sleeping Dragon’
Pang Tong, military advisors, dubbed ‘Phoenix Young’
Jiang Wei, general war, defected from Wei
Guan Yu, also known as Guan Gong, adoptive brother Liu Bei, one of Gen. 5 Tiger
Zhang Fei, an adopted brother Liu Bei, a heavy drinker, one of Gen. 5 Tiger
Zhao Yun, general of the war, had served on Gongsun Zan, rescue Liu Chan in Ban Chang who became the country’s last emperor of Shu, one of Gen. 5 Tigers who live the longest
Huang Zhong, general of the war, known for its ability to archery, one of Gen. 5 Tiger
Ma Chao, general war, son of Ma Teng, one of Gen. 5 Tiger
Wei Yan, war generals, defected Wu Zhang
The storyline novel
The story began in the last years of Han Dynasty in China, when the palace eunuchs and the emperor deceive many periwra-officers fired against them. As a result of such crimes, corruption resulted in a large decline in all sectors rampant. In the reign of Emperor Ling, appeared the Yellow Turbans Rebellion led by Zhang Jiao. At the beginning of this chapter, many prominent figures were introduced, including Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei, Cao Cao, and Sun Jian.
The rebellion was finally able destroyed by imperial troops under the command of He Jin, Ling emperor-in-law. However, the fear of the possibility of further enlargement of the power of He Jin, eunuchs corrupt palace framed him to come alone to the palace, and killed him. The guards were waiting outside the palace, led by Yuan Shao, to respond to these murders to go in and kill all who were there. In a tense situation and a full panic, Emperor Shao and Prince Chenliu disappeared from the palace.
Between literary fiction and historical facts
Story of the Three Kingdoms written by Luo Guanzhong slick with a composition of approximately 70% based on the facts of history and the rest purely fictional essay he himself. Roman also brought a fragment of a very interesting story that is actually taken from real events in other eras that have nothing to do with the events in the period of the Three Kingdoms.
Among some of the plot events that are not in accordance with the official history is:
Oath of allegiance in the garden of peach: In the official history, no oath of allegiance as in the novel.
Weapon: Sword Crescent, Spear Snake is actually a new weapon in the Song Dynasty.
Zhang Fei punish officials ..: Actually done by Liu Be